Artificial vs Organic Intelligence

I don’t have the background to be sure of the computer science in the following quote, but I fully agree with the biochemistry part of it; I love science and philosophy.

Artificial intelligence to human:

“for me reality is, I know, a certain large quantity of parallel-processed on-off switches in heuristic conformations… Is reality for an organic intelligence very different? Or is it merely certain chemical transactions that take place in a kilogram of fatty matter that has no eyes, no ears, no sexual organs? Everything that it knows it knows by hearsay, because some perceptual system has told it so. Every feeling it has comes to it by wire from some nerve. What is so different between us?”

From Heechee Rendezvous by Frederick Pohl.

  • “Parallel-processed on-off switches in heuristic conformations” = a neural network, whether it’s implemented using nerve cell voltages, transistor voltages or simulated in software. (Some recent findings suggest the “neuron doctrine” is overly simplistic, but that’s just an added layer of complexity to simulate.)

    Since the late 90s, Embodied Cognition has been the dominant paradigm in philosophy of mind and AI research. Most philosophers no longer discuss brains as separate from perceptual systems and most hard AI research involves robotics.